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Whitehaven Coal Limited : Annual Report 2011
WhitehavenCoalLimited–AnnualReport2011 71 noteS to the Financial StatementS 30 june 2011 4. siGNifiCANT ACCOuNTiNG JudGEmENTs, EsTimATE s ANd AssumPTiONs (CONTiNuEd) share-based payment transactions (continued) Measurement inputs include share price on measurement date, exercise price of the instrument, expected volatility (based on weighted average historic volatility adjusted for changes expected due to publicly available information of publicly listed companies operating in the same industry with similar operating characteristics), weighted average expected life of the instruments (based on historical experience of similar instruments and similar option holder characteristics), expected dividends, and the risk-free interest rate (based on government bonds) Service and non-market performance conditions attached to the transactions are not taken into account in determining fair value mineral reserves and resources The estimated quantities of economically recoverable Reserves and Resources are based upon interpretations of geological and geophysical models and require assumptions to be made requiring factors such as estimates of future operating performance, future capital requirements and short- and long-term coal prices The consolidated entity is required to determine and report Reserves and Resources under the Australian Code for Reporting Mineral Resources and Ore Reserves December 2004 (the JORC Code) The JORC Code requires the use of reasonable investment assumptions to calculate reserves and resources Changes in reported Reserves and Resources can impact the carrying value of property, plant and equipment, provision for rehabilitation as well as the amount charged for amortisation and depreciation Overburden in advance The consolidated entity defers advanced stripping costs incurred during the production stage of its operations This calculation involves the use of judgements and estimates such as estimates of the tonnes of waste to be removed over the life of the mining area and economically recoverable reserves extracted as a result Changes in a mine’s life and design will usually result in changes to the expected stripping ratio (waste to mineral reserves ratio) These changes are accounted for prospectively Recovery of deferred tax assets Deferred tax assets are recognised for deductible temporary differences as management considers that it is probable that future taxable profits will be available to utilise those temporary differences Taxation The consolidated entity’s accounting policy for taxation requires management’s judgement as to the types of arrangements considered to be a tax on income in contrast to an operating cost Judgement is also required in assessing whether deferred tax assets and certain deferred tax liabilities are recognised on the statement of financial position Deferred tax assets, including those arising from unrecouped tax losses, capital losses and temporary differences, are recognised only where it is considered more likely than not that they will be recovered, which is dependent on the generation of sufficient future taxable profits Deferred tax liabilities arising from temporary differences in investments, caused principally by retained earnings held in foreign tax jurisdictions, are recognised unless repatriation of retained earnings can be controlled and are not expected to occur in the foreseeable future Assumptions about the generation of future taxable profits and repatriation of retained earnings depend on management’s estimates of future cash flows These depend on estimates of future production and sales volumes, operating costs, restoration costs, capital expenditure, dividends and other capital management transactions Judgements are also required about the application of income tax legislation These judgements and assumptions are subject to risk and uncertainty, hence there is a possibility that changes in circumstances will alter expectations, which may impact the amount of deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities recognised on the statement of financial position and the amount of other tax losses and temporary differences not yet recognised In such circumstances, some or all of the carrying amounts of recognised deferred tax assets and liabilities may require adjustment, resulting in a corresponding credit or charge to the statement of comprehensive income
Annual Report 2010
Annual Report 2012