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Whitehaven Coal Limited : Annual Report 2010
Whitehaven Coal Limited -- Annual Report 2010 63 NOTES TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS 30 JUNE 2010 3.S UMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONTINUED) v)I ncome tax (continued) Deferred income tax is provided on all temporary differences at the balance date between the tax basis of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts for financial reporting purposes, other than for the following temporary differences: • when the deferred income tax asset/liability arises from the initial recognition of goodwill or of an asset or liability in a transaction that is not a business combination and that affects neither accounting nor taxable profit • when the taxable temporary difference is associated with investments in subsidiaries and jointly controlled entities to the extent that it is probable that they will not reverse in the foreseeable future. Deferred income tax assets are recognised only to the extent that it is probable that future taxable profits will be available against which the deductible temporary differences can be utilised. The carrying amount of deferred income tax assets is reviewed at each reporting date and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profit will be available to allow all or part of the deferred income tax asset to be utilised. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply when the asset is realised or the liability settled, based on tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the reporting date. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset only if a legally enforceable right exists to offset current tax assets and liabilities, and the deferred tax assets and liabilities relate to income taxes levied by the same tax authority on the same taxable entity, or on different tax entities, but they intend to settle current tax liabilities and assets on a set basis or their tax assets and liabilities will be realised simultaneously. Additional income taxes that arise from the distribution of dividends are recognised at the same time as the liability to pay the related dividend. (i) Tax consolidation The Company and its wholly-owned Australian resident controlled entities formed a tax-consolidated group with effect from 29 May 2007 and are therefore taxed as a single entity from that date. The head entity within the tax-consolidated group is Whitehaven Coal Limited. Current tax expense/income, deferred tax liabilities and deferred tax assets arising from temporary differences of the members of the tax-consolidated group are recognised in the separate financial statements of the members of the tax-consolidated group using the 'separate taxpayer within a consolidated group' approach by reference to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities in the separate financial statements of each entity and the tax values applying under tax consolidation. Any current tax liabilities (or assets) and deferred tax assets arising from unused tax losses of the subsidiaries is assumed by the head entity in the tax-consolidated group and are recognised as amounts payable (receivable) to/(from) other entities in the tax-consolidated group in conjunction with any tax funding arrangement amounts (refer below). Any difference between these amounts is recognised by the Company as an equity contribution or distribution. The Company recognises deferred tax assets arising from unused tax losses of the tax-consolidated group to the extent that it is probable that future taxable profits of the tax-consolidated group will be available against which the asset can be utilised. Any subsequent period adjustments to deferred tax assets arising from unused tax losses as a result of revised assessments of the probability of recoverability is recognised by the head entity only.
Annual Report 2009
Annual Report 2011