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Whitehaven Coal Limited : Annual Report 2009
62 NOTES TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS 30 JUNE 2009 5. FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVES AND POLICIES Overview The Company and consolidated entity have exposure to the following risks from their use of financial instruments: • market risk • credit risk • liquidity risk This note presents information about the Company's and consolidated entity's exposure to each of the above risks, their objectives, policies and processes for measuring and managing risk, and the management of capital. Further quantitative disclosures are included throughout this financial report. The Board of Directors has overall responsibility for the establishment and oversight of the risk management framework. The Board has established the Audit and Risk Management Committee, which is responsible for developing and monitoring risk management policies. The committee reports regularly to the Board of Directors on its activities. Risk management policies are established to identify and analyse the risks faced by the Company and consolidated entity, to set appropriate risk limits and controls, and to monitor risks and adherence to limits. Risk management policies and systems are reviewed regularly to reflect changes in market conditions and the Company's and consolidated entity's activities. The Company and consolidated entity, through their training and management standards and procedures, aim to develop a disciplined and constructive control environment in which all employees understand their roles and obligations. The consolidated entity's Audit and Risk Management Committee oversees how management monitors compliance with the Company's and consolidated entity's risk management policies and procedures and reviews the adequacy of the risk management framework in relation to the risks faced by the Company and consolidated entity. Capital management The Board's policy is to maintain a strong capital base so as to maintain investor, creditor and market confidence and to sustain future development of the business. The consolidated entity defines capital as total shareholders' equity. The Board of Directors monitors the capital structure on a regular basis including the level of dividends paid to ordinary shareholders. The Board seeks to maintain a balance between the higher returns that might be possible with higher levels of borrowings and the advantages and security afforded by a sound capital position. There were no changes in the consolidated entity's approach to capital management during the year. Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries is subject to externally imposed capital requirements. Risk exposures and responses Foreign currency risk The Company and consolidated entity are exposed to currency risk on sales, purchases and demurrage that are denominated in a currency other than the respective functional currency of the consolidated entity, the Australian dollar (AUD). The currency in which these transactions primarily are denominated is US Dollars (USD). The Company and consolidated entity use forward exchange contracts (FECs) to hedge their currency risk. The Hedging Policy of the consolidated entity is to utilise forward exchange contracts to cover: • 100% of contracted sales where both volume and US dollar price are fixed; • 90% of contracted sales where volume is fixed but pricing is provisional; • 80% of planned sales from existing operations over a 12 month period; and • a maximum of 50% of planned sales from existing operations for between 12 and 24 months. No cover is be taken out beyond 24 months other than contracted sales where both volume and US dollar prices are fixed. In respect of other monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies, the consolidated entity ensures that its net exposure is kept to an acceptable level by buying and selling foreign currencies at spot rates when necessary to address short-term imbalances. The consolidated entity classifies its forward exchange contracts as cash flow hedges and measures them at fair value. The fair value of forward exchange contracts used as hedges at 30 June 2009 was $25,430,000 (2008: 46,776,000), comprising assets and liabilities that were recognised as fair value derivatives.
Annual Report 2008
Annual Report 2010